Developing the Cognitive Skills of a Baby

Headbands for Girls has become a very common item lately among parents and among toddlers. Headbands have always been around but off late, brands have started to make more headbands and are offering more variety that it can be hard to choose. This plethora of choices is what leads us into our discussion for today. Many kids even at a young age of one would start to develop their cognitive senses and this leads to them at a young age already developing a sense of style. This starts out by them choosing their outfits or having opinions on simple things like what color of a headband to wear or what shoe they want to wear.

Cognitive development can be defined is the way a baby learns to think, imagine, remember, and take and store information about their surroundings. The cognitive development is how a baby learns to solve problems and develop judgment and an understanding of their surroundings.

Different Types of Cognitive Skills

Perception and Memory

The more time you spend with your baby, the more they’ll learn from you. Playing games with the baby like peek-a-boo and other similar games actually help the baby learn faster and develop their memory. These games help the baby understand things like cause and effect and object permanence. The more the baby learns, the more they become confident in their memory and actions. Also, age-appropriate toys help them learn as well. Building blocks can help them learn shapes and colors and movement. Sing familiar songs over and over to help them develop their memory. My nephew who is just 18 months, loves the “Daddy finger” songs and “How do you do”. Whenever it comes on he stops whatever he’s doing and pays close attention and clearly enjoys it.


Talking to your baby even when they are just months old is important. Even if they can’t speak yet, they are learning and taking in everything around them including what they hear. Read to your baby and show them pictures. When you are doing your daily activity talk to them and explain what you are doing. These activities help strengthen the connections in your baby’s brain, which help boost his language skills at later stages.

Fine and Gross Motor Skills

Fine motor skills refer to the coordination of small motor movements such is movement with the fingers and eyes. These are the first kind of movements that your baby will learn. They will learn to follow you with their eyes is you move around the room and also wrap their fingers around yours and other objects as well. They can also learn to hold objects in a place like their feeding bottle or drag their teddy by its ears around the room.

Gross motor skills involve larger movements that would enable your baby to eventually be able to sit, crawl, stand, walk and run. You can help your baby develop their gross motor skills by placing them in different positions or by holding them to stand for some minutes. Give your baby a helping hand, such as by gently pulling her up into a sitting position from lying down or encouraging her to stand while pressing down on your hands.

Cognitive Milestones

Below is a list of cognitive milestones that a baby should reach different ages. Keep in mind that some babies might not reach all milestones at the exact age and that should be no cause for alarm. After a year, a baby’s development becomes exponentially faster. Children at this age spend a tremendous amount of time observing the actions of adults, so it is important for parents and caregivers to set good examples of behavior. You can nurture your baby’s cognitive development in a variety of ways including:

  • Continuing to breastfeed
  • Offering lots of praise for new skills
  • Providing a range of objects or toys (fill-and-dump toys; toys for stacking, nesting, and sorting; toys with a variety of textures, shapes, sounds, colors and weights; childproof books)
  • Reading books to your baby
  • Playing copy games, such as sticking out your tongue or banging a pan
  • Playing hide and seek games
  • Dancing, playing music and singing with your baby

6 months to 12 months

  • Notice the size of objects, reaching for smaller objects with her finger and thumb and larger objects with both hands
  • Know whether objects are near or far
  • Understand how objects can be used
  • shake a noisemaker harder, or push buttons on a toy
  • Search briefly for an object when it’s taken away
  • Play and Activity

From 1 Year to 2 Years

  • Understand and respond to words
  • Can point out familiar objects and people in a picture book
  • Learn through exploration
  • Identify objects that are similar
  • Tell the difference between “Me” and “You”
  • Imitate the actions and language of adults

From 2 to 3 Years

  • Sort objects by category (i.e., animals, flowers, trees, etc.)
  • Stack rings on a peg from largest to smallest
  • Imitate more complex adult actions (playing house, pretending to do laundry, etc.)
  • Identify their own reflection in the mirror by name
  • Respond to simple directions from parents and caregivers
  • Name objects in a picture book
  • Match objects with their uses


Every baby develops at their own pace. You’ve probably heard this before but it can be easy to forget when parental instincts kick in and worrying about your kid becomes a hobby. Keep in mind that these milestones are an average and some kids would develop cognitive skills faster than others. Some kids start walking at 7 months and some don’t walk till after their first birthday. Many kids start talking a lot faster while others take their time. The best you can do is support your kid and let them develop in their own time. It is good to watch out for anomalies and talk to a doctor if you notice any extreme cases.